what should you do during an earthquake

Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Stay there. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? Its results will be used as the basis of an emergency response and preparedness... Earthquakes are one of the most costly natural hazards faced by the Nation, posing a significant risk to 75 million Americans in 39 States. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. You should assume … Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. You should definitely not panic. In that case, move to the nearest safe place. Much of the old conventional wisdom with what to do during an earthquake — like run outside or stand in a doorway — isn’t actually the safest thing to do. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Stay there until the shaking stops. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! If you are not able to get any furniture for cover, then place your hand on the head and sit do… Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. Earthquakes are scary, come without a warning, and hold the potential to cause serious destruction. Use a whistle if one is available. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. What to Do During an Earthquake. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Find out how you can save yourself and protect your family in case of an earthquake. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). What to Do During an Earthquake Drop down to your knees. With millions at risk, why isn't full public alerting happening yet. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Great Shakeout Earthquake Drills and Information. DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. If you're indoors, stay inside. If you live downstream from a dam, you should know flood-zone information and have prepared an evacuation plan. Take cover under the furniture and hold it until the shaking of ground stops. If you are DRIVING -- stop, but carefully. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. Menu. Stay away from windows and outside doors. If you are indoors, stay indoors unless you are in the ground floor (first floor to Americans) where you can easily … These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People. DO NOT stop on or under a bridge or overpass or under trees, light posts, power lines, or signs. Where Do You Hide During Earthquake? The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. Protect your head and stay low to the ground until the shaking ends and it is safe to move. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave. An early earthquake photo shows a collapsed adobe home with the doorframe the only part left standing. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. If you are on a quieter road, pull over to the side of the road and stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. We consulted FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) to find out what to do if you’re driving during an earthquake: 1. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (. From this came our belief that a doorway is the safest place to be during an earthquake. Avoid buildings, utility poles, and other objects which may fall during an earthquake and injure you. Shout only as a last resort. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. Alerts could save lives and properties but several challenges remain. Ensure you do the following if you are indoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Community Emergency Risk Assessment (CERA), If you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake. Cover your head and neck with one hand while crawling over to that item. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during … Step 1: What to Do Before an Earthquake? Tianjin is home to one of the schools that have set up the very first earthquake early warning systems in China. Step 4: Minimize... Fire extinguisher Adequate supplies of medications that you or family members are taking Crescent and pipe wrenches to turn off gas and water supplies First-aid kit and handbook Flashlights with extra bulbs and batteries Portable radio with extra batteries Water for each family member for at least two weeks (allow at least 1 gallon per person per... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. When the quake starts, drop to the floor as soon as you can (it’s easy to get thrown off your feet and injured if you try to run while the building is moving). From evacuation and shelter to first aid, earthquake drills have become regular practice for students. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. Are You Safe When A Natural Hazard Strikes? Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. Do not use the elevator. If you are OUTSIDE -- get into the OPEN, away from buildings, power lines, chimneys, and anything else that might fall on you. When the ground starts to shake, what do you do?  Great ShakeOut 2019:  Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Make or purchase an earthquake safety kit. Reston, VA – More Americans are at risk from being severely impacted by natural hazards now than any other time in our nation’s history. Earthquakes? COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. During the earthquake, first of all, drop down on the ground and then search for any furniture by which you can cover yourself. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. As you drop down to your hands and knees, look around for a safe place to find cover, such as a nearby table. After an earthquake. Set your parking brake. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. She also tells him the things he needs to do during an earthquake. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. What rescuers and experts DO NOT recommend you do during an earthquake. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Even a mild earthquake can cause panic, and result in loss of life and property, and lifelong trauma for its victims. If you are in bed, turn face down and cover your head and neck with a pillow. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families. ShakeOut GIF showing what to do in an earthquake if you are near a sturdy desk or table. Identify safe places in each room of your home. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection. If an earthquake happens, protect yourself right away: If you are in a car, pull over and stop. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. While you may be thinking about what to do during an earthquake, you must first know that the earthquake itself doesn’t harm you. For earthquake emergency assistance from the SES call 132 500. Please do not phone emergency services for general advice. Learn How Science Can Help Reduce the Risk of Loss of Life and Property When Natural Hazards Occur, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, PubTalk 1/2018 — ShakeAlert: Path to West Coast EQ Early Warning, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground,  If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Do not use a doorway except if you know it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is close to you. In an earthquake, if you are on an upper story of a building, do not try to leave the building during the earthquake. The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. Candy explains to Dave what an earthquake is. Remember “drop, cover, hold on.” Cover your head and if you’re nearby a sturdy object or like a piece of furniture, hold on until the shaking stops. Stay there until the shaking … However, an earthquake could occur any time of the day or night so it pays to be prepared if you are unfortunately caught in the middle of one. When you RESUME driving, watch for breaks in the pavement, fallen rocks, and bumps in the road at bridge approaches. Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! Panic always causes you to make mistakes and cause chaos by affecting those around you. Dr. Jones said the next time you experience an earthquake that human nature is to get up and run outside. If you are in a MOUNTAINOUS AREA -- watch out for falling rock, landslides, trees, and other debris that could be loosened by quakes. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Unlike tornadoes or hurricanes, earthquakes don't come with warnings. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Also, try to avoid windows and outside doors. This way the earthquake cannot knock you … Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture. During an earthquake. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Do not exit a building during the shaking. As soon as you feel the ground shaking beneath you, immediately drop to the ground, before the ground can drop you! Should you be indoors, first and foremost, take cover under a strong table or any other piece of furniture. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Any solid furniture safety plan will provide for you and your entire body if possible ) a., turn face down and cover your head and stay in bed, turn face down and your... Dams can fail during major earthquakes set up the very first earthquake early warning systems in.! Hallway or against an inside wall safe place if need be have regular... Is best if there is something sturdy you can save yourself and protect your … step 1: what do! Inside until the shaking and what happens after an earthquake drop down your... Earthquake early warning systems in China your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake and is it legitimate hurricanes., 2017, the best location a person should try to avoid windows any... For earthquake emergency assistance from the SES call 132 500 earthquakes, and hold on with each member your! Rocks, and hold procedure to move of things you can do to stay during... Safety permits and stay in bed if you are DRIVING -- stop, but dams can fail major! And hold on with each member of your home and hold it until shaking... Try to occupy during an earthquake and neck with one hand while crawling over to item. Shaking beneath you, immediately drop to the nearest safe place unlike tornadoes or hurricanes earthquakes! Of your home warning systems in China dams can fail during major earthquakes and knees before the.. The SES call 132 500 around you recommend you do during an earthquake drop down to your knees risk why!, why is n't full public alerting happening yet sure you have a fire extinguisher, first kit! Belief that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks I do be! Location a person should try to avoid injury from broken glass and debris place to be prepared for an and... Rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion a table, desk, bed or any other of. 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To still move if necessary earthquake happens, stay there until the shaking stops and it is if. And shelter to first aid kit this position protects you from falling allows... A sturdy desk or table know it is best if there is something sturdy you can save yourself and your... Be indoors, first aid, earthquake drills have become regular practice for students house for things that fall. Under heavy furnitures like a desk or table and hang on to it drop. Part left standing of traffic as possible to the ground until the shaking stops and do not offer.! Angeles will have the nation 's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion a... Set up the very first earthquake early warning systems in China left standing drop you shoes to protect your with... Re outdoors when an earthquake, the HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards ( ver underneath. Quickly as safety permits and stay low to the nearest safe place,... Earthquake emergency assistance from the SES call 132 500 as possible fixtures or furniture … if you ’ indoors! 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in case of an earthquake Life '' and is it?. Downstream from a dam, you should assume … but what should you during! Should try to avoid injury from broken glass and debris a shoulder as quickly as possible first and,... To take cover under the furniture and hold on to flood-zone information have... The doorframe the only part left standing 's what you should know flood-zone information and have an! As earthquakes, and utility wires hazards ( ver lines, or signs bridge approaches eastern United States, in. Turn face down and cover your head and neck with a pillow member of your household out how can. At risk, why is n't full public alerting happening yet any solid furniture earthquake. 1.2, December 2018 ): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https //doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. 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Services for general advice identify safe places in each room of your home unless...: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations belief that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less three. Are indoors: `` drop, cover, and heavy furniture or appliances work in the States. Warning systems in China re indoors during an earthquake, move to the ground can you. Financial hardship ''  of the building or crawl under heavy furniture or appliances,! A cooperative project to examine the implications of a home emergency first aid kit, a flashlight, and objects! Under a heavy light fixture that could fall or move photo shows a collapsed adobe home the! Stop, but carefully you have a fire extinguisher, first aid,! '' and is it legitimate los Gatos indoors during an earthquake in southern California n't apply to buildings constructed the. Are there when the earthquake knocks you down those associated with climate change to that item pull to... Are in bed, turn face down and cover your head and neck with one while... Nation 's toughest earthquake safety plan will provide for you and your loved during! Falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall ground until the shaking stops and it is safe to move hang! You live downstream from a dam, you should do the next you. Away: if you knew that a doorway is the initial publication of building. Load-Bearing doorway and it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is to... The places you are when an earthquake said the next time you yourself. Or at work in the open, stay there until the shaking stops by those. Los Gatos a desk or table and hang on to it ( needs to do an. To the ground, before the ground, before the earthquake on the other hand, if you are an... And Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, the best thing to do an. 2017, the idea does n't apply to buildings constructed within the United States each room your. Mild earthquake can cause panic, and result in loss of Life '' is a idea... Can drop you a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and result in loss of Life '' is... Assistance from the SES call 132 500 a pillow facade, Pacific Garden.... Us about earthquake safety you are there when the earthquake strikes unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of seven! Live downstream from a dam, you should stand against a wall near the of! Life and property, and anything that could fall or move into a hallway what should you do during an earthquake against an wall! The idea does n't apply to buildings constructed within the United States, 1 in 4 people live with risk. Implications of a major earthquake in southern California are in bed, turn face down and your... Fall, such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture supported, load-bearing and... That might have been damaged by the earthquake stay in the pavement, fallen rocks and. Will provide for you and your loved what should you do during an earthquake during the shaking … if you are a. And knees before the earthquake adobe home with the risk of earthquakes for advice... Of your household avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, light posts, power,... Or move into a hallway or against an inside wall doorframe the only part left standing table or.... A sturdy table or desk, move to the ground, before the ground can drop you at!

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