what to do after earthquake

Before. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. What to do after an earthquake. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? Conduct a safety check – Once you are in a safe place, check yourself and others for injuries, and call for help if needed. It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside. What You Should Do After the Earthquake . Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS, Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main Street in downtown Napa, California. Its results will be used as the basis of an emergency response and preparedness... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated system to rapidly assess the number of people and regions exposed to severe shaking by an earthquake, and inform emergency responders, government agencies, and the media to the scope of the potential disaster. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. Stay alert to new or continuing hazards. If there is a rush on the staircase, then be calm, because hastily may lead to an accident. Stay alert for aftershocks. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Gas leaks often cause fires to break out after an earthquake. After the shaking subsides, assess your wellbeing and that of those around you. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway). It explains the need for concern about earthquakes for those residents and describes what one can expect... Recovery from an earthquake like the M7.8 ShakeOut Scenario will be a major endeavor taking many years to complete. Do not run outside. According to experts, aftershocks can continue for weeks, months, or even years. How do I identify it? Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. Never use an elevator after an earthquake. Citizens should plan and practice what to do in the event of an earthquake in order to properly respond before, during, and after the shaking begins. Drop, Cover, and Hold On! These are some of the things you need to know and to do before, during and after an earthquake. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. Help others if you are able. Not only will learning what to do after an earthquake keep you safe in the event of an emergency, but knowing that you’re mentally prepared for anything might also give you a … What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? Earthquakes In The Midwestern And Eastern United States?! Prepare for a major earthquake today by preparing your earthquake safety kit. What to do after an earthquake. Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Stay calm. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. Since an earthquake can happen at any moment, often with little warning, they’re one of the most frightening natural disasters. Slowly descend the stairs of the building and exit outside. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. Stay there until the shaking stops. After an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the earthquake. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Do not leave until the shaking is over. Wear sturdy shoes to protect your feet from broken glass. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. What Should I Do Before, During, And After An Earthquake? Place telephone receivers back in their cradles; only make calls if requiring emergency services. What to do after an earthquake. Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Stay away from beaches. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). If you’re in a stadium or theater, exit the building calmly, watching out for any debris that could fall on you. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you). Clean up household chemical spills, toxic and flammable materials to avoid any chain of unwanted events. After an earthquake. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. After an Earthquake Once the shaking has stopped, leave the building or house you are in and retreat to an open space away from damaged areas. The Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) advises to extinguish small fires (if you can do so safely) and report larger ones to emergency services right away. Keep an eye out for broken water pipes, downed and live electrical lines and leaking gas lines. If severe shaking lasts 20 seconds or more, immediately evacuate to high ground as a tsunami might have been generated by the earthquake. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking. Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help. At least 709 deaths resulted from earthquake activity worldwide in 2007, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On during aftershocks. Photograph credit: Thomas Holzer, USGS. After an earthquake. The Earthquake Commission or EQC requires homeowners to take all the necessary steps they can to prevent further damage to an insured property. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. After an earthquake, there can be serious hazards such as damage to the building, leaking gas and water lines, or downed power lines. Checking for injuries: After the tremors of earthquake subside, the following precautions must be adopted and recovery activities must be carried out: a. Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.), The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. They may come within minutes, hours, or days later, and can … First responders may be injured themselves and/or their equipment may be damaged. If you’re in a high-rise building after an earthquake hits, do not use the elevators to exit. Follow their instructions. Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. Immediately after an earthquake and the shaking has stopped you should: Move to high ground and away from water as an earthquake felt in Vancouver is likely to be accompanied by a tsunami Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Stay in place (as long as it is safe to do so). If You Are In Your Car Or Driving and an Earthquake Strikes Follow the advice from our ShakeOut friends: Pull over to the side of the road, stop, and set the parking brake. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2004 was the deadliest year for earthquakes since the Renaissance Age, making it the second most fatal in recorded history, with more than 275,950 deaths reported from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26. Expect aftershocks, If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available, If a person is not breathing administer CPR, DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury, COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm, Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help, Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor, Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring, Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them, SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas, DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house), FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards, CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass, If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days), Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak, USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking, If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe). These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it. What to do after an earthquake? In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Walk out carefully watching for anything that could fall during the aftershocks. PAGER - Rapid Assessment of an Earthquake's Impact; 2007; FS; 2007-3101; Responding to Global Earthquake Hazards; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J. Shout only as a last resort. Earthquakes can occur in Indiana at any time. Most probably elevators may get stuck in between after a significant earthquake. Develop a family earthquake plan. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Do not move around or kick up dust. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Some of the things that must be considered after an earthquake can be listed as follows: 1. During an earthquake. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. After an earthquake. Before an earthquake occurs: Prepare for three to seven days of electricity, water, gas, and telephone outages. Permission granted for reproduction for non-commercial purposes. House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? Turn on the radio. Following the first tremor, keep these safety tips in mind: Be prepared for aftershocks. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. With the number of earthquakes increasing in several states, we offer the following information as public service. Expect aftershocks. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). After a major earthquake, you should remember that emergency services like fire, police, and medical personnel may be unavailable for extended periods of time. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS-DOST) release this posters in their Facebook Page.If you’re not yet aware of, for the past two days, there has been series of strong earthquakes happening in Luzon and Visayas. Just because the earthquake is over, that doesn't mean you're in the clear. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Practice Drop, Cover and Hold. Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Getting ready before an earthquake strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" Check yourself and others for injuries. Indeed, fire is the most common hazard after an earthquake, FEMA indicates on its Web site. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Recovering from the ShakeOut earthquake; 2011; Article; Journal; Earthquake Spectra; Wein, Anne; Johnson, Laurie; Bernknopf, Richard, The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne.

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